Photography - Knowledge


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The feeling of nostalgia when you accidentally chance upon your old photographs is priceless. Those sepia tones remind you of beautiful memories, thanks to the photographer. With time, technology has led to improvements in the art of taking photographs, capturing the best of moments. Photographs have the ability to freeze time. It would be great to learn the knacks of photography. Here is a guide to photography, on how you can go about it-

Complete Guide to Photography


We all resonate with photographs but what if you want to become a pro? Photography is not difficult, but it does demand patience and perseverance. It is like any other form of art, say painting, the only difference being that the latter is recreating the scene on canvas. Prepare yourself in advance to take up the art. You can approach it in the following way:

  • Read a guide book on the art form to get a better idea of the practical usage. The more you read, the more you will get the hang of the skills.
  • Follow a photography blog. You will get plenty of resources to get going.
  • Check photos by some of the prominent photographers like Dave Black, Eliot Porter, and James Neeley, to learn the details.
  • While practicing, carry a notebook and jot down the details: the lighting, shades of colours, shadow,, whatever appeals to you. Observe and note every minute detail of the scenes.
  • Take your camera everywhere with you and shoot different objects in different conditions. Challenge yourself, every day and with every image.
  • Check tutorials, learn new techniques and practice Techniques like the rule of thirds and the rules for correct lighting can improve the perfection of your photographs.
  • Make a list of shots you would like to aim at. Do not hurry into the process. Take photos frequently and assess your growth to see if you are reaching your goals


Learn about the basic working of a camera. Check your requirement and prioritise your budget, then buy the suitable one. There are some key elements to keep in mind before selecting a camera. Exposure is crucial in controlling the camera. Aperture, shutter speed, and ISO are the key elements in creating exposure. Let us look at them one by one.


The aperture of a camera shares a mechanism similar to the pupil of our eye: the narrower the pupil, the less light is allowed, and vice versa. Aperture is inversely proportional to f/number, where f stands for the focal length of the camera. It is better to memorise the scale.



Decide on how much light are you going to allow into the camera. The key is to keep a fraction of a second to steer clear of motion blur. However, different situations require different shutter speeds. For example, for sports photography, you would need fast speeds(1/400), and for night photography you would need a really slow shutter speed (40 seconds).


ISO is short for International Standards Organization – the main governing body that standardises sensitivity ratings for camera sensors. Altering ISO helps in regulating a camera’s sensitivity to light. An increase in ISO results in a grainy image.

Once you learn using these three, practice using them together.



Do not jump for a DSLR right away! Prioritise your requirements and buy a camera that is in your budget. You need not start with an expensive camera. Practice with your smartphone camera initially. Once you get the hang of it, opt for an entry-level digital SLR. Frankly, it’s the lens that you should check in a camera. SLR uses a traditional film, whereas DSLR is digital and practical.

Types of cameras that you can opt for:

  1. Digital Single Lens Reflex camera or DSLR. It is heavy to carry, but the lenses are usually of good image quality. They have larger image sensors as well.
  1. Bridge Compact Digital Cameras/SuperZoom Cameras. They have manual mode as well as semi-automatic mode. They are smaller than the DSLRs and are convenient to carry. The lens is fixed and cannot be replaced or removed.
  1. Compact Digital Cameras are famous as point and shoot cameras, and are extremely user-friendly. They are pocket sized and are recommended for beginners. They have three-time zoom lenses and automatic mode.
  1. Compact System Cameras/Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Cameras have mirrorless interchangeable lenses, which make them very similar to DSLRs. Flexibility in modes make it an ideal option.

If you’re picking a DSLR, you’re also going to want to know what lenses you should invest in: 3 Lenses for a Beginners Camera Kit.


Using a camera without a kit might not yield you satisfactory results. Though it is not mandatory, it is advisable to invest in these accessories as well:

  • Opt for a prime lens or a third-party lens which ranges from free to expensive in price.
  • Buy a tripod. Though complex to use and carry, it helps you get still pictures.
  • You should have one of these software – ADOBE LIGHTROOM or CAPTURE ONE PRO, for giving your photos the final touches.
  • You can also keep a polarising filter handy.

These accessories will help you understand your camera and improve your work. Also, when you are dealing with your camera, you will learn things fast. You will progress with every frame.



Check your state rules for photography and plan where and what to shoot. Checking the regulations beforehand can save you from committing accidental crimes. The rules for the public and private bodies are always different and hence require permission from different governing bodies.

One should refrain from common practices like image theft and photo plagiarism. These practices not only create negative benchmark but induce a sense of distrust in others. Practising one’s rights responsibly will earn you respect and goodwill in the long run. Copyright your images to prevent being cheated.

Privacy is important to everyone and using someone’s work by manipulating them or without giving them due credit can land you in serious trouble.

Hurrying into learning anything is work half done. Take your time in learning the skill. You’ve got the camera, now it’s time to practice regularly and explore your creativity.

Now that you have the guide to photography, click away , and follow your passion to the fullest. Make sure to read 7 Tips on Capturing the Right Picture!

Team Livingit

Live Your Passions

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